Burundi has a 2-6-4-3 formal education structure. There are two years of pre-primary school, which has an official entry age of five and is referred to as enseignement préprimaire. Primary school, which is known as enseignement primaire, has an official entry age of seven and a duration of six grades. At the end of the cycle, students receive the certificat de fin d`études primaires (CFEP). Secondary school is divided into two cycles: lower secondary and upper secondary.
Lower secondary, which is known as enseignement secondaire (premier cycle général), consists of grades 7-10 and culminates in the certificat du tronc commun; upper secondary, which is known as enseignement secondaire (deuxième cycle général), consists of grades 11-13 and culminates in the diplôme d`état et/ou diplôme des humanités générales. In addition, Burundi has three lower secondary vocational education tracks that last up to four years, and three upper secondary vocational education tracks that last up to four years (ISCED 2011 mapping for 2013 school year).